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What is the Difference between Sativas and Indicas? February 28, 2019

The marijuana industry is growing at a trailblazing pace. For instance, you can now enjoy CBD gummies and edibles without having to worry about getting high. Yes, that’s what the legalization of cannabis has led to. Visit Free Your Spine to learn more about the best CBD gummies and edible that you can buy online.

And, in the spirit of marijuana legalization here’s what you should know about sativa and indica, the most common strains of the cannabis plant.

Size

Sativa can grow taller compared to indica. Sativa can attain a maximum height of up to six feet while indica can be up to three feet tall.

Effect/High

Indica has a stronger analgesic effect compared to Sativa. According to users, sativa has an uplifting and energetic effect, while indica produces a relaxing and calming effect. Indica is best suited for night use, whereas sativa is ideal for daily use.

Flowering Time

Sativa takes relatively longer to flower (about 20 weeks), while indica will take approximately 44 days to flower. The flowering time is dependent on climatic conditions.

Harvest

Indica has a higher yield than sativa. In fact, if well catered for, Indica can produce twice as much compared to Sativa grown on the same area of land.

Where Do They Originate From?

Most Sativa varieties trace their roots to tropical regions such as southern India and Jamaica. There is evidence that sativa grew in Taiwan for its fiber way back in 8000 B.C. It then made its way to China in 2700 B.C where it was used to cure conditions such as menstrual problems and absentmindedness. Today, you can find it across the world in climates like Mexico, Thailand, and Columbia.

Indica originated from Central Asia, parts of Northern India, and the Tibetan Plateau. It grew n in the Himalayas and the Hindu Kush area of Pakistan and Afghanistan. Indica has a strong connection to India where it is popular for its medicinal properties.

What Does It Mean For A Strain To Be Hybrid?

Hybrid strains of marijuana contain both Indica and Sativa strains. They are super strains that bring out the best aspects of either species.  Hybrids are sativa or indica dominant and fall into three categories;

Sativa dominant hybrids

These are designed to give an effect that helps the user to relax and unwind, both physically and mentally.

Balance Hybrids

These are a combination of indica and sativa strains in equal portions. They are ideal for individuals looking for a balance between body and mind highs.

Indica dominant hybrids

These are designed to provide an intense high and are ideal for pain relief or relaxation.

What Is Selective Breeding/ Dominance?

Selective breeding is an art of manipulating the gene frequencies in a marijuana plant to lock out specific genes so that the resultant strains possess the most dominant characteristics of the original species.

Some traits are dominant, and others are recessive. It means that a plant can have hidden features that aren’t apparent unless it’s bred together with another plant that carries a copy of the hidden gene.

In conclusion, through selective breeding, better tasting and strains that can tolerate multiple weather conditions are created. Most species available today are as a result of selective/dominant breeding. Selective breeding is done by expert breeders who want to create a strain with specific features.

Categories: History